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Is Ashwagandha An Adaptogen?

Ashwagandha is one of the most commonly used adaptogenic herbs and it is shown to have a plethora of benefits.

Both the roots and the leaves of ashwagandha are adaptogens and it is most commonly available in powder or pill/capsule form.

If you’re not entirely sure what an adaptogen actually is, they are essentially herbs, plants, or fungi that help the body adapt to different stressors and perform optimally. Adaptogens can obviously also come with many other unique benefits, depending on what it actually is!

So, what are the benefits of taking the adaptogenic herb ashwagandha?

We’ll explore everything that ashwagandha has to offer a little later but, first of all, let’s take a look at what ashwagandha actually is.


  1. What Is Ashwagandha?
  2. How Do Adaptogens Work?
  3. The Benefits Of Taking Ashwagandha
  4. Is Ashwagandha Safe For Everyone?
  5. That’s A Wrap
is ashwagandha an adaptogen

What Is Ashwagandha?

Ashwagandha is a small, yellow flower-bearing shrub that is native to India and North Africa. It is also known as Withania somnifera, Indian Ginseng, and Winter Cherry.

The name “Ashwagandha” refers to the unusual horse-like smell of the roots, with “Ashwagandha” actually meaning “smell of horse” in Sanskrit.

Both the roots and the leaves of ashwagandha can be harvested, dried, and ground into a powder which is then used as a powerful adaptogenic supplement. Different suppliers will use one or the other, or both in their extracts depending on their philosophy.

This powder can be mixed into drinks or smoothies, but it is traditionally mixed with ghee, honey, or water. Again - for ease and simplicity, many producers offer it in a pill or capsule form.

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How Do Adaptogens Work?

As we go about our lives, we are constantly faced with stressful situations - work issues, family commitments, health concerns and many other aspects of our lives can contribute to this.

Over time, the amount of stressful situations we are exposed to adds up and it can create “chronic stress” which can manifest itself as insomnia, anxiety, or depression.

It can also affect us physically by weakening our immune system and creating gastrointestinal or cardiovascular problems.

Adaptogens, such as ashwagandha, ginseng or shialjit work to reduce chronic stress by helping to address and stabilise issues in our physiology that result from long-term stress (e.g. increased cortisol, excess inflammation etc.)

Put simply, they can naturally help raise things that are low, and lower things that are high that are required for our bodies and minds to function optimally. They help our bodies adapt and create a more adequate response to stressful situations.

They do this by adapting the body’s three natural responses to stress; alarm, resistance, and exhaustion. The alarm response (also known as ‘fight or flight’) is the one that we can’t control. It’s primal and programmed into us as humans.

However, the resistance stage is where adaptogens get to work. Here, the body will begin to repair itself after the initial stress, and adaptogens prolong the resistance of the stress response.

In turn, they prevent the third stage (exhaustion) from hitting so hard, and chronic stress can be avoided.

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The Benefits Of Taking Ashwagandha

You might be asking - what does ashwagandha actually do for the body?

Let’s explore some of these health benefits below:

Can Improve Sleep

This is one of the most common reasons why people take ashwagandha. Numerous studies have shown that ashwagandha could be capable of inducing sleep in people that suffer from insomnia. It is particularly effective at helping with this when taken at night.

Can Reduce Stress & Anxiety

As an adaptogen, ashwagandha is often used as a natural alternative to antidepressants for reducing stress and anxiety. It does this by encouraging our bodies to adapt and create a more adequate response to stressful situations.

One study even found that taking ashwagandha was just as effective as certain pharmaceutical drugs without creating any adverse effects.

Can Help Reduce Depression

As well as being able to reduce stress levels and help manage anxiety, it is also believed that taking ashwagandha can help to improve depression issues.

Aids In Reducing Blood Sugar Levels

There have been several studies on the effects of ashwagandha on blood sugar. It’s even been suggested that it can help reduce blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes.

Potential Anti-Cancer Properties

Ashwagandha contains withaferin, which is thought to help induce apoptosis and the killing of cancer cells. It’s also believed to disrupt the growth of new cancer cells.

Boosts Reproductive Health In Men

It is believed that taking ashwagandha may help boost testosterone levels and increase fertility in men. One study even found that ashwagandha helps to increase sperm count and motility.

Increases Muscle Mass & Strength

Another study on the benefits of taking ashwagandha found that it noticeably increased muscle size and strength. It was also found that it doubled reductions in body fat percentage.

Reduces Inflammation

Ashwagandha has been found to increase the activity of our bodies' natural killer cells. These are the cells that fight infection and ensure we’re as healthy as possible.

What’s more, it’s also been found to reduce inflammation markers such as CRP (C-reactive protein), which is linked to an increased risk of heart disease.

Lowers Cholesterol & Triglycerides

It’s also thought that taking ashwagandha can further improve heart health by lowering LDL cholesterol levels and triglycerides. This is believed to be closely linked with a reduced risk of heart disease.

Improves Memory & Cognitive Function

Ashwagandha is often used as a natural supplement for boosting memory, and studies have shown that it may even improve memory and brain function issues that have been caused by disease or injury. It has also been shown to improve general memory, task performance, and overall attention.

Can Help Improve Skin And Hair

By reducing excess cortisol and inflammation in the body, Ashwagandha can help restore and maintain healthy skin and hair.

As you can see, there are many reasons why you might want to take the adaptogen ashwagandha.

However, it’s important to know that it does cause some side effects in certain people, should be cycled off on occasion for maximum benefits and if you prefer to take it in the morning, don’t do so on an empty stomach as it can create a mild stomach ache.

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Is Ashwagandha Safe For Everyone?

As with all supplements, it’s important to know whether or not it is safe for you to take ashwagandha.

Ashwagandha has been reported to have some negative side effects by a small proportion of people - if you’re currently taking any medication to treat any of the following, you should consult a doctor before considering taking ashwagandha as a supplement:

  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Insomnia
  • Thyroid Disease

Ashwagandha should be avoided by anybody suffering from autoimmune diseases including rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. You should also avoid taking ashwagandha if you’re pregnant as there may be a risk of miscarriage.

It shouldn’t be taken if you’re currently breastfeeding either, as it could be passed onto your baby who won’t have developed the tolerance for ashwagandha.

Again, we can’t stress enough - with all supplements and substances, you should always consult your GP or medical practitioner before starting them just to be on the safe side!

The quick video below gives a great rundown on this amazing adaptogen if you’re up for a quick watch!

That’s A Wrap

As you can see, Ashwagandha is a powerful adaptogen that can help your mind and body deal with the many stresses and issues that life will inevitably throw your way.

With a stack of different health benefits that have been celebrated by traditional medicine for millennia and now gaining notoriety in modern science - Ashwagandha is a fantastic natural supplement for most people!

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